Industrial Engineering

Mostly concerned with obtaining the maximum benefit from available but otherwise limited resources. They assist with the design and development of both products and production processes. For projects that do not involve an architect or industrial product designer, an industrial engineer is a good starting point for coordinating and determining the need for more specialised engineers. An education in either management, industrial, mechanical or manufacturing engineering is usually the entry point.

Civil Engineering

Usually associated with earthworks, dams, roads and other large infrastructure projects. They therefore tend to be specialists in traffic management, soil mechanics, and flooding and stormwater mitigation, they may also be found carrying out the structural design of buildings and bridges. However, for significant building structures, that do involve significant structural earthworks it is preferable to seek the services of a structural engineer.

Structural Engineering

Usually concerned with the stability, strength, and serviceability design of structures. These structures could be for buildings, bridges or more specialised areas such as aircraft or ships. An education in either civil or mechanical engineering is usually the entry point.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering has various sub-disciplines:

      • HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Cooling)
      • Refrigeration
      • Hydraulics (plumbing: water supply, sanitary drainage, gas)
      • Fluid Power (pneumatics, oil)
      • Automotive
      • Fire Services (Sprinklers)
      • Building Services (Lifts, Elevators)
      • Mechatronics (Mechanical & Electronics : Robotic Systems)

Electrical Engineering

Primarily concerned with our electrical power supply and its uses. May be concerned with building services in the form of power outlets, and lighting, HVAC, and industrial processes. May specialise in electronics, digital systems, computers and robotics.

      • Others
      • Illumination (lighting)
      • Acoustical (sound proofing, theatre design)


Most engineering practitioners have a general engineering science background and can dabble in most areas; however, a specialist is usually more economical in time and results.


  1. [circa 2005  ] : First Published
  2. [08/10/2016] : First Published as Blog Post